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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they have become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and many parts of the world, over the last ten years. .
The main reason for the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are exceptionally resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being dispersed in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and introduced back to the houses of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels worldwide have now banned the usage of travellers own sleeping linen in common accommodation for a safety precaution against this insect.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are often found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. As the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their color, adult bed bugs can easily be spotted with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but very difficult to view on brown wooden floors and other dark surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident from black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There might be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes called buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin cubes may also be found near these areas, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and also the release of alarm pheromones can make them very hard to treat as bed bugs become awake and quickly vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs may also spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will feed and therefore are likely to haven in near proximity to the sufferer. In cases like this, new locations can easily become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different people have varying reactions to the bites of bed Pest Consultants Adelaide bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some people have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the bite site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or may take up to 9-14 days to develop.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly happen in individuals which are contagious, but this is rare. More Bonuses .
Discomfort and loss of sleep is common from the effects of bed bugs. Bites may be found on a variety of places on the body. Another characteristic is that the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. The bed bug causes these rows being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to feed again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will feed on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Although they may carry diseases like hepatitis they're not known to transfer such diseases to other individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is also an issue. It is not uncommon for the live bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and could be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to deal with. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are made more problematic due to the now smaller dimensions of the newly re-emerged bed bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and handled if also affected.
This can be finished by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are extremely small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before chemical treatment because it removes all dust and debris from the website of the infestation making it simpler for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn be effective.